An independent Commission to review inpatient psychiatric care provision for adults in England, Wales and Northern Ireland has been launched.
The Commission is chaired by Lord Nigel Crisp, former chief executive of the NHS in England and Permanent Secretary of the Department of Health (2000-2006). It has been established by the Royal College of Psychiatrists (RCPsych) to respond to widespread concerns about inpatient psychiatric care provision for adults in many parts of England, Wales and Northern Ireland. Concerns highlighted by the Commission include:
• The number of patients in England travelling out of their local area for emergency mental health treatment more than doubled in two years: from 1,301 in 2011/12 to 3,024 in 2013/14. One person was sent 300 miles, from Devon to West Yorkshire
• A 2014 analysis of English coroners’ reports found that 7 suicides and 1 homicide were linked to a psychiatric bed not being available between 2012-2014
• In Wales, psychiatric wards have been operating at above the RCPsych’s recommended figure of 85% occupancy every year since 2010/11
• In Northern Ireland, psychiatric wards have been operating at above the RCPsych’s recommended figure of 85% occupancy every year since 1998/99
• In a 2014 survey of UK psychiatric trainees, 24% said that a bed manager had told them that a patient would only get a bed if they were sectioned under mental health legislation.
The Commission will review the current provision of acute inpatient services, investigate the causes of pressures on beds, and examine the relationships between inpatient services and other aspects of the health and social care system.
Commissioners will meet with clinical staff, mental health experts and service users and carers in England, Wales and Northern Ireland. They will also review available research and best practice.
Call for evidence
In addition, the Commission has launched a call for evidence. Commissioners want to hear from patients, carers, staff, commissioners, charities, academics, social workers and anyone else who have knowledge or experience of acute inpatient care in England, Wales or Northern Ireland. The Commission is particularly interested to hear about innovative solutions to bed pressures that are already being put into practice.
Anyone wishing to submit evidence to the Commission can do so by visiting the www.CAAPC.info, before March 18.
“It is simply unacceptable that patients are being turned away from services or sent hundreds of miles away from home because there isn’t a bed available for them locally,” Crisp said. “The Commission will be visiting services and meeting patients and staff in order to understand both what the causes of these problems are and to look for solutions.”
Professor Sir Simon Wessely, president of RCPsych added: “Throughout my career I have seen recurring crises in the provision of mental health beds, with wards running at full capacity and patients in crisis having nowhere to go.
“Now is the time to look at these crises more closely, identify the underlying causes and move towards finding practical and sustainable solutions. The Commissioners have a huge level of expertise in mental health and represent diverse voices from across the sector including clinical staff, NHS management, service users and carers.
“I hope that this Commission will find solutions that ensure that anyone in need of inpatient psychiatric care has access to local, high-quality services.”